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Feeding your baby breastmilk


Aballah, E. M. I., Eldakhakhny, A. M. & Mohammed, B. M. (2019) Effect of Breast Feeding Versus Formula Feeding On Surgical Wound Healing Among Infants during the First Six Months of Age. Zagazig Nursing Journal, 15(1), pp. 1-16

Aoyama, S., Toshima, T., Saito, Y., Konishi, N., Motoshige, K., Ishikawa, N., Nakamura, K. & Kobayashi, M. (2010) ‘Maternal Breast Milk Odour Induces Frontal Lobe Activation In Neonates: A NIRS Study’. Early Human Development. 86(9) pp. 541-545.

Baxter, K. J., Baxter, L. M., Landry, A. M., Wulkan, M. L. & Bhatia, A. M. (2018) Structural Airway Abnormalities Contribute to Dysphagia in Children With Esophageal Atresia and Tracheoesophageal Fistula. Journal of Pediatric Surgery. 53(9), pp. 1655-1659.

Boston Children’s Hospital (2024) Tracheomalacia. Available at:,may%20feel%20hard%20to%20breathe. [Accessed: 21 Feb 2024].

Brennan, D. (2023) Psychological Benefits of Breastfeeding. Available at:,between%20you%20and%20your%20baby. [Accessed: 27 Dec 2023]

Children’s Minnesota (2024) Breast Pumping Shouldn’t Hurt! Treatments for Mothers Who Pump Breast Milk. Available at:,may%20impair%20your%20milk%20release. [Accessed: 20 Dec 2023].

Camacho-Morales, A., Caba, M., García-Juárez, M., Caba-Flores, M. D., Viveros-Contreras, R. & Martínez-Valenzuela, C. (2021) Breastfeeding Contributes to Physiological Immune Programming in the Newborn. Frontiers in Paediatrics. 9, pp. 744104.

East Sussex Healthcare NHS Trust (2013) Patient Information: Gastro-Oesophagael Reflux Disease (GORD). Eastbourne: East Sussex Healthcare NHS Trust

Gilden, J., Molenaar, N. M., Smit, A. K., Hoogendijk, W. J. G., Rommel, A. S., Kamperman, A. M. & Bergink, V. (2020) Mother-to-Infant Bonding in Women with Postpartum Psychosis and Severe Postpartum Depression: A Clinical Cohort Study. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 9(7), pp. 2291.

Golonka, N. R. & Hayashi, A. H. (2008) Early “Sham” Feeding of Neonates Promotes Oral Feeding After Delayed Primary Repair of Major Congenital Esophageal Anomalies. The American Journal of Surgery. 195(5), pp. 659-662.

Johnson, M. (2024) Laryngomalacia and Tracheomalacia. Available at:,%2C%20Laid%2DBack%2C%20Dancer [Accessed: 21 Feb 2024].

Just One Norfolk (2024) Breastfeeding. Available at: [Accessed: 2 Jan 2024].

Koukou, Z., Theodoridou, A., Taousani, E., Antonakou, A., Panteris, E., Papadopoulou, S. S., Skordou, A. & Sifakis, S. (2022) Effectiveness of Non-Pharmacological Methods, Such as Breastfeeding, to Mitigate Pain in NICU Infants. Children. 9, pp. 1568.

La Leche League (2024) Breastfeeding Info: Losing Weight While Breastfeeding. Available at: [Accessed: 28 Dec 2023].

La Leche League International (2024) Breastfeeding Info: Reflux. Available at: [Accessed: 20 Feb 2024].

Loma Linda University Health (2024) Esophageal Dysmotility. Available at:,This%20causes%20problems%20swallowing. [Accessed: 22 Fed 2024].

Martin, V. & Crabbe, D. (2016) The TOF Book: Oesophageal Atresia (OA), Tracheo-Oesophageal Fistula (TOF) and VACTERL from Infancy to Adulthood. Nottingham: TOFS.

NHS (2019) Expressing Your Breastmilk. Available at:,that%20responds%20to%20their%20needs. [Accessed: 10 Jan 2024].

NHS (2022) Breastfeeding Help and Support. Available at: [Accessed: 12 Jan 2024].

NHS (2023) Benefits of Breastfeeding. Available at: [Accessed: 18 Dec 2023].

Orovou, E., Tzitiridou-Chatzopoulou, M., Dagla, M., Eskitzis, P., Palaska, E., Iliadou, M., Iatrakis, G. & Antoniou, E. (2022) Correlation between Pacifier Use in Preterm Neonates and Breastfeeding in Infancy: A Systematic Review. Children. 9(10), pp. 1585.

Sherwood Forest Hospitals (2020) Non-nutritive sucking (NNS) on the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Nottingham: Sherwood Forest NHS Foundation Trust.

The Northern Neonatal Network (2017) Guideline for Mouth care for Preterm and Sick Infants. Sunderland: The Northern Neonatal Network.

The Royal Children’s Melbourne Hospital (2020) Sham Feeding for Infants with Unrepaired Long-Gap Oesophageal Atresia. Available at: [Accessed: 21 Feb 2024].

Thompson, L., White, A., Parnell, K. & Clarke, S. (2019) Progression from Tube to Oral Feeding (Breast or Bottle). Birmingham: West Midlands Neonatal Operational Delivery Network.

UNICEF (2016) UNICEF UK Baby Friendly Initiative Infosheet: Responsive Feeding: Supporting Close and Loving Relationships. Available at: [Accessed: 19 Dec 2023].

UNICEF UK (2024) Skin-to-Skin Contact. Available at: [Accessed: 20 Jan 2024].

WHO (2023) Continued Breastfeeding at 2 Years. Available at: [Accessed: 2 Jan 2024].

Witkowska-Zimny, M., Kamińska-El-Hassan, E. & Wróbel, E. (2019) Milk Therapy: Unexpected Uses for Human Breast Milk. Nutrients. 11(5), pp. 944.