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Tracheo-oesophageal fistula (VACTERL)


  • OA without fistula
  • TOF with OA
  • TOF without OA

See rest of handbook, however there is a case report of an adolescent with OA/TOF with VACTERL first diagnosed with H type TOF aged 15, so a history of VACTERL and recurrent pneumonia or chest infections should be investigated for missed TOF. (169)