Chronic kidney disease in the VACTERL association: clinical course and outcome.

This paper looks at patients diagnosed with VACTERL and the renal part of the syndrome. They follow up their kidney function over a 15 year period and compare them with a group of similar children with kidney problems but no VACTERL diagnosis, and look at how the kidney function changes, whether they need transplants, and how their height is affected.

Ahn SY, Mendoza S, Kaplan G, Reznik V. Chronic kidney disease in the VACTERL association: clinical course and outcome. Pediatr Nephrol. 2009;24(5):1047-53