Up to 90% of adults born with OA/TOF have occasional symptoms of dysphagia, and 25% have daily symptoms. (37) Cartabuke et al. (37) found this was predominantly to solids with 72% reporting this, but a significant minority also report dysphagia to liquids (44%).
These are suggested when symptoms change, food is repeatedly getting stuck for prolonged periods (or needing hospital visits), weight loss or recurrent aspiration occurs. The aim is to look for new or worsening strictures or malignant changes and assess degree of dysphagia and whether oral feeding remains safe.
Whilst there is no way to cure underlying issues with peristalsis, there are some measures that can ameliorate symptoms: